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Alexandrian Laurel

Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen, commonly called Alexandrian laurel balltree, beach calophyllum, beach touriga, beautyleaf, Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, satin touriga, and tacamahac-tree It is native from East Africa, southern coastal India to Malesia and Australia.


Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen, commonly called Alexandrian laurel balltree, beach calophyllum, beach touriga, beautyleaf, Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, satin touriga, and tacamahac-tree It is native from East Africa, southern coastal India to Malesia and Australia.


Calophyllum inophyllum is a low-branching and slow-growing tree with a broad and irregular crown. It usually reaches 8 to 20 metres (26 to 66 ft) in height. The flower is 25 millimetres (0.98 in) wide and occurs in racemose or paniculate inflorescences consisting of 4 to 15 flowers. Flowering can occur year-round, but usually two distinct flowering periods are observed, in late spring and in late autumn. The fruit (the ballnut) is a round, green drupe reaching 2 to 4 centimetres (0.79 to 1.6 in) in diameter and having a single large seed. When ripe, the fruit is wrinkled and its color varies from yellow to brownish-red.

Foreign Names
Because it is not native to Europe, and has traditional uses in many other countries, Calophyllum inophyllum is commonly known in English by some of its many foreign names, which include (in rough order of commonality):


tamanu (tāmanu) (in Tahiti and Cook Islands)
kamani or kamanu (in Hawaii)

dilo (in Fiji)
foraha (in Madagascar)
poon (in English, from India, see punna below)
nyamplung (in Indonesia)
domba (in Sri Lanka)
pinnai, pinnay, punnai, punna, punnaga, or punnang (in India)
sura honne (in India) - shortened (confusingly) to honne when using the plant for biodiesel
undi (in India) ,
fetau (in Samoa),
or fetaʻu (in Tonga) ,
daok or daog (in Guam) ,
bitaog or palo maria (in The Philippines)
takamaka (in France, Seychelles, and Mascarene Islands),
takamaka bord de mer (in Réunion),
tacamahac - originally a Mexican word, ambiguously used to refer to this and other medicinal trees mù u (in Vietnam) ,
ponnyet (in Burma/Myanmar)
btaches (in Palau),
biyuch (in Yap)





 


 
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